US History & Government - June 2011

Base your answer to question 16 on the chart below and on your knowledge of social studies.

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16 Which conclusion can best be drawn from the information in this chart?

(1) The Southern states led the nation in manufacturing.
(2) Manufacturing production in the Western states exceeded that of the New England states.
(3) The Middle states led the nation in all categories related to manufacturing.
(4) The New England states depended more on agriculture than on manufacturing.

17 Which argument was used by President Abraham Lincoln to explain his policy of leniency toward the South after the Civil War?

(1) Most Southerners have remained loyal to the Union during the war.
(2) Most Southerners are willing to grant equality to formerly enslaved persons.
(3) The federal government has no authority to punish states for secession.
(4) Healing the nation’s wounds quickly is essential.

18 In the Compromise of 1877 that ended Reconstruction, Republicans agreed to

(1) withdraw federal troops from the South
(2) support the Black Codes
(3) award the presidency to Democrat Samuel Tilden
(4) accept the Supreme Court decision in Dred Scott v. Sanford

19 In the late 1800s, rapid industrial development resulted in

(1) a decrease in tariff rates
(2) a decrease in population growth
(3) an increase in the rate of urbanization
(4) an increase in the price of farm products

20 Which geographic feature connected the iron ore fields of the upper Midwest to major steel centers?

(1) Great Lakes
(2) Gulf of Mexico
(3) Hudson River
(4) Tennessee River valley 

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