US History & Government - June 2011

6 Which idea guided the development of the Articles of Confederation?

(1) A strong central government would threaten the rights of the people.
(2) All the people should be granted the right to vote.
(3) Most power should rest with the judicial branch.
(4) Only the central government would have the power to levy taxes.

7 “…The accumulation of all powers, legislative, executive, and judiciary, in the same hands, whether of one, a few, or many, and whether hereditary, self-appointed, or elective, may justly be pronounced the very definition of tyranny….” — James Madison

Which feature of the United States Constitution was included to address the concern expressed by James Madison?

(1) electoral college
(2) checks and balances
(3) Bill of Rights
(4) amendment process

8 The primary purpose of the Federalist Papers was to

(1) justify the American Revolution to the colonists
(2) promote the continuation of British rule
(3) encourage ratification of the United States Constitution
(4) support the election of George Washington as president

9 Which statement most accurately explains why the institution of slavery was continued under the original Constitution of the United States?

(1) The early factory system relied on the labor of slaves.
(2) The majority of American families owned several slaves.
(3) Slave rebellions made most whites oppose freedom for African Americans.
(4) Southern states would not agree to a constitution that banned slavery.

10 The elastic clause of the United States Constitution gives Congress the power to

(1) “make rules for the government and regulation of the land and naval forces;…”
(2) “regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the several states, and with the Indian tribes;…”
(3) “lay and collect taxes, duties, imports and excises,…”
(4) “make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the
foregoing powers,…”

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