US History & Government - June 2010

36 • In the 1940s, President Franklin D. Roosevelt made winning World War II a priority over
extending the New Deal.
• In the 1950s, President Harry Truman’s focus shifted from the Fair Deal to the Korean War.
• In the 1960s, President Lyndon B. Johnson’s attention to the Great Society gave way to
preoccupation with the Vietnam War.

These presidential actions best support the conclusion that

(1) presidents prefer their role as commander in chief to that of chief legislator
(2) domestic programs are often undermined by the outbreak of war
(3) Presidents Roosevelt, Truman, and Johnson were not committed to their domestic initiatives
(4) large domestic reform programs tend to lead nations toward involvement in foreign wars

37 The United Nations was created mainly to

(1) prevent globalization
(2) work for international peace
(3) stop the spread of disease
(4) establish democratic governments

38 The United States policy of détente can best be described as an effort to

(1) reduce tensions with the Soviet Union
(2) negotiate peace agreements with North Korea
(3) halt the arms race with China
(4) end an embargo against Cuba

Base your answers to questions 39 and 40 on the photograph below and on your knowledge of social

39 Which leader is most closely associated with the approach to reform illustrated in this photograph?

(1) Malcolm X of the Black Muslims
(2) Huey Newton of the Black Panthers
(3) Booker T. Washington of the Tuskegee Institute
(4) Martin Luther King Jr. of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference

40 The activity shown in the photograph can best be described as an example of

(1) labor unrest            (3) nonviolent protest
(2) judicial activism      (4) affirmative action

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