US History & Government - June 2010

21 In the early 1900s, Progressive Era reformers sought to increase citizen participation in
government by supporting the

(1) expansion of the spoils system
(2) direct election of senators
(3) creation of the electoral college
(4) formation of the Federal Reserve system

Base your answers to questions 22 and 23 on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies.

 22 The cartoon illustrates the actions of President Theodore Roosevelt in

(1) securing the land to build the Panama Canal
(2) leading troops in the Spanish-American War
(3) ending the war between Russia and Japan
(4) improving diplomatic relations with Latin American nations

23 Critics of the actions shown in this cartoon claimed President Theodore Roosevelt was

(1) causing environmental damage        (3) following a policy of imperialism
(2) requiring massive tax increases       (4) producing major trade deficits with China

24 A major reason the United States entered World War I was to

(1) maintain freedom of the seas
(2) stop impressment of United States sailors
(3) protect United States cities from foreign attacks
(4) counter a German invasion of Latin America

25 Isolationists in the Senate objected to the United States joining the League of Nations because they

(1) creation of the Security Council
(2) colonialism in Africa and Asia
(3) membership in the League by Germany
(4) involvement in future foreign wars

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