US History & Government - June 2009

Base your answer to question 41 on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies.

Click image to enlarge

41 Which statement most accurately describes the main idea of this 1975 cartoon?

(1) The press should not publish materials that damage the reputation of public officials.
(2) The government is improperly hiding information from the public.
(3) Government should restrict the publication of sensitive materials.
(4) Libraries are making too many government reports open to the public.

42 The primary purpose of President Richard Nixon’s policy of détente was to

(1) expand United States military involvement in Southeast Asia
(2) assure an adequate supply of oil from the Middle East
(3) ease tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union
(4) maintain a favorable balance of trade with China

43 One way in which Andrew Jackson, Abraham Lincoln, and Woodrow Wilson are similar is that

(1) expanded presidential powers
(2) reduced the size of the federal bureaucracy
(3) faced congressional investigations over the handling of the military
(4) used his power as commander in chief to send troops overseas to fight a war

44 Which of these trials established the principle that leaders of a nation may be tried for crimes
against humanity?

(1) Scopes           (3) Sacco and Vanzetti
(2) Rosenberg      (4) Nuremberg

45 One similarity between the laws being challenged in the United States Supreme Court cases of
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) and Korematsu v.United States (1944) is that

(1) specific groups of people were being targeted based on race or ethnicity
(2) state laws were declared unconstitutional
(3) immigrants were relocated to prison camps
(4) federal laws segregating public transportation were upheld

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