US History & Government - June 2009

21 The United States issued the Open Door policy (1899–1900) primarily to

(1) bring democratic government to the Chinese people
(2) secure equal trade opportunities in China
(3) force China to change its immigration policies
(4) use China as a stepping stone to trade with Japan

22 Progressive Era authors such as Jacob Riis and Upton Sinclair are best known for

(1) focusing attention on social conditions
(2) fighting for the civil rights of African Americans
(3) promoting the interests of the American farmer
(4) supporting the goal of woman’s suffrage

23 Which type of federal tax was authorized by the 16th amendment in 1913?

(1) excise     (3) income
(2) import     (4) estate

24 “. . . There’s no chance of progress and reform in an administration in which war plays the principal
part. . . .” — President-elect Woodrow Wilson, 1913

In this statement, President-elect Wilson was expressing the belief that

(1) the United States should enter World War I immediately
(2) reform movements are strengthened by war
(3) the nation will require a change in leadership if it goes to war
(4) the Progressive movement would be best served by continued peace

25 In Schenck v. United States (1919), the Supreme Court decided that a “clear and present danger”
to the country allowed the federal government to

(1) establish a peacetime draft
(2) restrict first amendment rights
(3) suspend habeas corpus
(4) limit minority voting rights

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