US History & Government - Janaury 2011

Base your answer to question 41 on the excerpt below and on your knowledge of social studies.

Dear Mr. Barr,
… This letter does not express all that is in my heart, Mr. Barr. But if it says nothing else it says that we do not hate you or rejoice to see your industry destroyed; we hate the agribusiness system [agricultural corporations] that seeks to keep us enslaved and we shall overcome and change it not by retaliation or bloodshed but by a determined nonviolent struggle carried on by those masses of farm workers who intend to be
free and human. Sincerely yours, Cesar E. Chavez
— Cesar Chavez, letter to E.L. Barr Jr., Good Friday, 1969, in Andrew Carroll, ed.,
Letters of a Nation, Broadway Books

41 Which action did Cesar Chavez take that is most consistent with the theme of this excerpt?

(1) organizing a farmworkers union
(2) calling for stricter enforcement of immigration laws
(3) asking Congress to pass legislation for lowincome housing
(4) promoting the takeover of large corporations by farmworkers

42 One way in which the Supreme Court decisions in Mapp v. Ohio (1961), Gideon v. Wainwright (1963), and Miranda v. Arizona (1966) are similar is that each decision

(1) defined the rights of students in public schools
(2) strengthened the role of the police in the arrest process
(3) demonstrated the Court’s disapproval of increasing crime rates
(4) expanded the constitutional rights of persons accused of crimes
Base your answer to question 43 on the cartoon

below and on your knowledge of social studies.

43 Which statement most accurately expresses the main idea of this cartoon?

(1) Rising farm costs are reducing profits.
(2) Foreign competition has driven up farm costs.
(3) Farm production is failing to keep pace with demand.
(4) Farmers are losing profits due to drought.

Base your answer to question 44 on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies.

44 Which statement best describes the main idea of the cartoon?

(1) Iraq is using terrorism to end American military occupation.
(2) Iraq is rejecting help from the United States against terrorists.
(3) The United States and terrorists are competing to influence Iraq.
(4) Iraq is catching up to the United States in the war on terror.

45 Since 1970, what has been a significant economic trend in the United States?

(1) decline in the number of working mothers in the labor force
(2) shift in jobs from manufacturing to service industries
(3) decrease in dependency on foreign oil
(4) increase in federal budget surpluses

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