US History & Government - Janaury 2011

6 Why did the authors of the Articles of Confederation create a weak central government?

(1) They lacked an understanding of state problems.
(2) They anticipated the threat of foreign invasion.
(3) They relied on advice from royal governors.
(4) They feared the kind of rule experienced under the British monarchy.

7 The Three-fifths Compromise was included in the Constitution to resolve a conflict over the

(1) counting of enslaved persons in relation to taxation and representation
(2) reimbursement of plantation owners for runaway slaves
(3) number of votes needed to approve a treaty in the Senate
(4) number of states needed to ratify a proposed amendment

8 What is one feature of the political system created by the original Constitution of the United States?

(1) guaranteeing equal legal rights to all persons
(2) requiring the federal government to maintain a balanced budget
(3) dividing powers between the national and state governments
(4) granting more power to the executive branch than to the other branches of government

Base your answer to question 9 on the quotation below and on your knowledge of social studies.
… It is our true policy to steer clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world; so far, I mean, as we are now at liberty to do it; for let me not be understood as capable of patronizing infidelity to existing engagements. I
hold the maxim [principle] no less applicable to public than to private affairs, that honesty is always the best policy. I repeat it, therefore, let those engagements be observed in their genuine sense. But, in my opinion, it is unnecessary and would be unwise to extend them.… — President George Washington, Farewell Address, 1796

9 President Washington was offering this advice because he believed

(1) the destiny of the United States was to rule other countries
(2) the United States should seek alliances with other nations
(3) alliances could draw the United States into wars
(4) the United States should break its agreements with France

10 At the Constitutional Convention, the delegates agreed that Congress should have the power to

(1) declare laws unconstitutional
(2) levy and collect taxes
(3) select the president
(4) eliminate slavery in the states

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