US History & Government - Janaury 2011

PART 1

Base your answers to questions 1 and 2 on the chart below and on your knowledge of social studies.

1 Based on the rankings on the census chart, the most populous state in 1900 and 1950 was

(1) California     (3) Massachusetts
(2) Illinois         (4) New York

2 Based on the ranking from the 2000 census, which pair of states had the greatest number of electors in the 2008 presidential election?

(1) Florida and California
(2) Iowa and Indiana
(3) Pennsylvania and Virginia
(4) California and Texas

3 Which city is correctly paired with the geographic feature that most directly affected its growth?

(1) New Orleans — Pacific Ocean
(2) New York City — Chesapeake Bay
(3) Chicago — Great Lakes
(4) Los Angeles — Appalachian Mountains

4 The Mayflower Compact is considered an important step in the development of American democracy because it

(1) established the principle of separation of church and state
(2) provided a basis for self-government in the Plymouth Colony
(3) defined relations with local Native American Indians
(4) outlawed slavery in the Massachusetts Bay Colony

5 Which economic policy was based on the idea that the American colonies existed primarily to
provide economic benefits for Great Britain?

(1) mercantilism
(2) socialism
(3) free trade
(4) laissez-faire capitalism 

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