US History & Government - Janaury 2010

31 What effect did the end of World War II have on American women who worked in defense
industries during the war?

(1) They were invited to join labor unions.
(2) Their jobs were taken by returning servicemen.
(3) Their wages were increased to match those of male workers.
(4) Their contributions were rewarded by the government.

32 The war crimes trials in Nuremberg and Tokyo following World War II established the concept
that

(1) nations could be made to pay for wartime damages
(2) pardons should be granted to all accused war criminals
(3) those convicted should be given shorter sentences than ordinary criminals
(4) individuals could be held accountable for their actions in a war

33 In the 1960s, which issue was the focus of the Supreme Court decisions in Mapp v. Ohio, Gideon v. Wainwright, and Miranda v. Arizona?

(1) freedom of the press
(2) racial segregation
(3) rights of the accused
(4) interstate commerce

Base your answers to questions 34 and 35 on the passage below and on your knowledge of social
studies.

“This Government, as promised, has maintained the closest surveillance of the Soviet Military buildup on the island of Cuba. Within the past week, unmistakable evidence has established the fact that a series of offensive missile sites is now in preparation on that imprisoned island. The purpose of these bases
can be none other than to provide a nuclear strike capability against the Western Hemisphere. . . .”
— President John F. Kennedy, October 22, 1962

34 Which action did President Kennedy take following this statement?

(1) urging Allied forces to remove Soviet weapons from Cuba
(2) ordering a naval quarantine of Cuba
(3) breaking off diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union
(4) asking the United Nations to stop grain shipments to the Soviet Union

35 The crisis described in this passage was resolved when

(1) Cuba became a capitalist nation
(2) the United States seized control of Cuba
(3) Soviet Premier Nikita Khruschev met with President Kennedy
(4) the Soviet Union withdrew its missiles from Cuba

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