US History & Government - January 2009

41 Which event led to the investigations that resulted in the resignation of President Richard Nixon?

(1) a decision to escalate the war in Vietnam
(2) a presidential decision to freeze wages and prices
(3) a break-in at the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee
(4) an oil embargo by the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)

Base your answer to question 42 on the conversation below and on your knowledge of social studies.

The President:
Helmut! I am sitting in a meeting with members of our Congress and am calling at the end of this historic day to wish you well.

Chancellor Kohl:
Things are going very, very well. I am in Berlin. There were one million people here last night at the very spot where the Wall used to stand—and where President Reagan called on Mr. Gorbachev to open this gate. Words can’t describe the feeling. The weather is very nice and warm, fortunately. There were large crowds of young people. Eighty percent were under thirty. It was fantastic. . . .
Source: Telephone conversation between Chancellor Helmut Kohl of Germany and President George H. W. Bush, October 3, 1990

42 This conversation is referring to the

(1) start of the Berlin airlift
(2) expansion of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
(3) end of the Cold War and reunification of Germany
(4) signing of the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty and creation of the Hot Line

43 Which heading best completes the partial outline below?

(1) Consequences of World War I
(2) Results of the Gentlemen’s Agreement
(3) Events Leading to Neutrality
(4) Factors Supporting United States Imperialism

Base your answers to questions 44 and 45 on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies.

44 What is the main idea of this cartoon?

(1) Burning flags is another cause of global warming.
(2) Washington politicians are focusing on the wrong issues.
(3) Respect for the American flag around the world is declining.
(4) Automobiles are mainly responsible for global warming.

45 Based on this cartoon, which action by the federal government would the cartoonist most likely

(1) restricting first amendment rights
(2) promoting industrial growth
(3) enforcing environmental regulations
(4) encouraging globalization

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