US History & Government - January 2009

36 “Jackie Robinson Breaks Color Barrier in Major League Baseball”
“President Truman Issues Executive Order Desegregating Armed Forces”
“NAACP Challenges School Segregation”

These headlines are most closely associated with

(1) a decline in African American participation in political activities
(2) the beginning of the modern civil rights movement
(3) Southern resistance to the Civil Rights Act of 1964
(4) the effects of affirmative action programs

37 “No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be
denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance, . . .” — Title IX, 1972

The passage of this law affected women across the nation by

(1) granting them the right to own property
(2) guaranteeing them the same wages as male workers
(3) increasing their opportunities to participate in school sports
(4) allowing them the right to seek elective offices

Base your answers to questions 38 and 39 on the graph below and on your knowledge of social studies.

Click on image to enlarge

38 Based on the graph, which statement about median household income between 1967 and 2003 is most accurate?

(1) It doubled.
(2) It decreased by about $5,000.
(3) It increased by about $10,000.
(4) It increased by about $50,000.

39 Based on the graph, which development occurred during the year before each recession?

(1) Median household income decreased.
(2) Full employment was achieved.
(3) Median household income stayed the same.
(4) The United States population decreased.

40 The passage of the War Powers Act of 1973 was intended to affect the balance of power between
the president and Congress by

(1) allowing troops to be sent overseas without the president’s consent
(2) requiring the president to remove all United States troops from Southeast Asia
(3) permitting the president to enter treaties without Senate approval
(4) placing limitations on the president’s ability to keep troops in hostile situations

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