US History & Government - January 2009

16 During the late 1800s, many United States farmers believed their economic problems would be solved if the federal government would

(1) raise interest rates
(2) outlaw strikes by labor unions
(3) put more money into circulation
(4) regulate the amount of grain that was produced

17 In the late 19th century, critics of big business claimed that monopolies most harmed the
economy by

(1) limiting competition
(2) decreasing the urban growth rate
(3) preventing technological innovation
(4) failing to keep pace with European industries

18 In the late 19th century, the ideas of Social Darwinism were used primarily to

(1) encourage the passage of compulsory education laws
(2) explain the differences in income between the rich and the poor
(3) urge Congress to end immigration
(4) support the growth of new political parties

19 The principal reason Congress raised tariff rates in the late 1800s and early 1900s was to

(1) increase personal income taxes
(2) lower prices for American consumers
(3) guarantee high wages to American workers
(4) protect United States businesses from foreign competition

20 Reformers of the early 20th century frequently attacked political machines because the
politicians in these organizations often

(1) denied voting rights to the poor
(2) accepted bribes in return for favors
(3) wasted money on military spending
(4) discriminated against migrant workers

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