Global History & Geography - June 2010

21 What was a result of the Industrial Revolution in Europe?

(1) the growth of the middle class
(2) an increase in nomadic herding
(3) a decline in urban population
(4) a decrease in international trade

22 One reason the Suez Canal has been of strategic importance to countries other than Egypt was
that the canal

(1) allowed for faster movement between the North Atlantic Ocean and the Indian Ocean
(2) enabled Europeans to explore the Western Hemisphere
(3) made it easier for Russia to gain control of Afghanistan
(4) provided the Austro-Hungarian Empire with access to its colonies in South Asia

23 Much of which area of the world came under European colonial control in the 19th century?

(1) Japan
(2) Southwest Asia
(3) Africa
(4) Latin America

24 A similarity between the Sepoy Rebellion in India and the Boxer Rebellion in China is that both

(1) attempts to remove foreign influence
(2) movements to establish communist governments
(3) efforts to restore trade monopolies
(4) struggles to westernize cultures

Base your answer to question 25 on the passage below and on your knowledge of social studies.

Observation of a Soldier in World War I Private Archie Surfleet, February 8th, 1918 —
We have been in camp near the wood at Écurie for some days now and a more miserable existence it would be hard to imagine. There is nothing but unrest and uncertainty and everyone here is absolutely fed up to the teeth. — Malcolm Brown, Tommy Goes to War

25 Which hypothesis can best be supported by this passage?

(1) Allied forces were on the verge of winning the war.
(2) Technology had created a military stalemate.
(3) Revolution in Russia hastened the end of the war.
(4) Conditions contributed to low troop morale.

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