Global History & Geography - June 2010

16 What was a key characteristic of an absolute monarchy in the 16th and 17th centuries?

(1) centralized governmental authority
(2) increased political rights for peasants and serfs
(3) freedom of religion
(4) a system of checks and balances

17 The signing of the Magna Carta in 1215 and the Glorious Revolution in 1688 were key events in
English history because they resulted in

(1) creating alliances with France
(2) defeating Protestant nobles
(3) limiting the power of the monarchy
(4) annexing territory

Base your answer to question 18 on the passage below and on your knowledge of social studies.

. . . The Mongols made no technological breakthroughs, founded no new religions, wrote few
books or dramas, and gave the world no new crops or methods of agriculture. Their own craftsmen could not weave cloth, cast metal, make pottery, or even bake bread. They manufactured neither porcelain nor pottery, painted no pictures, and built no buildings. Yet, as their army conquered culture after culture, they collected and passed all of these skills from one civilization to the next. . . .
— Jack Weatherford

18 This passage leads to the conclusion that the Mongols

(1) rejected technology
(2) were a peaceful people
(3) were urbanized
(4) contributed to cultural diffusion

19 Many Enlightenment philosophers used reason to

(1) reinforce traditional beliefs
(2) strengthen religious authority
(3) reveal natural laws
(4) encourage censorship

20 The unification of Germany under Otto von Bismarck demonstrates the

(1) influence of Marxist ideology
(2) impact of nationalism
(3) force of civil disobedience
(4) power of democratic ideals

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