Global History & Geography - January 2010

41 In Japan, the Meiji Restoration and the post–World War II “economic miracle” can be described as periods of

(1) political decentralization
(2) revolutionary democratization
(3) reactionary social change
(4) innovative industrial development

42 The establishment of a parliamentary democracy in India and the establishment of Portuguese as
the official language of Brazil indicates that European colonizers

(1) influenced the culture of regions under their control
(2) respected the governments of the indigenous peoples
(3) promoted Protestant religions over native religions
(4) studied local traditions before implementing policies

Base your answer to question 43 on the graph below and on your knowledge of social studies.

43. Which hypothesis about the economies of sub-Saharan Africa can be derived from the data in this graph?

(1) Economic growth may be slowed by the epidemic.
(2) Wages for workers will probably decline.
(3) Diversification will promote economic growth.
(4) The United Nations will probably reduce support for economic development.

44 • Spain mines silver in the Americas.
• The Dutch establish a colony in Southeast Asia.
• The English East India Company controls tea plantations in India.

Which policy is most closely associated with these events?

(1) pacifism           (3) nonalignment
(2) mercantilism    (4) containment

45 As a result of discrimination during the 19th century, where were many Jews in eastern Europe
forced to live?

(1) on collective farms    (3) in urban ghettos
(2) in fortified villages     (4) in industrial areas

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