Earth Science - January 2010

 26 The diagram below shows Earth as viewed from space.

Which season is beginning in the Northern Hemisphere?

(1) spring        (3) fall
(2) summer    (4) winter

27 The table below shows the latitude and the average yearly temperature for four different cities.

Click on image to enlarge

It can be inferred from this table that the cities at higher latitudes have

(1) lower average yearly temperatures because these cities receive insolation at a higher angle during the year
(2) lower average yearly temperatures because these cities receive insolation at a lower angle during the year
(3) higher average yearly temperatures because these cities receive insolation at a higher angle during the year
(4) higher average yearly temperatures because these cities receive insolation at a lower angle during the year

Base your answers to questions 28 and 29 on the diagram below, which shows air movement over a
mountain range. The arrows indicate the direction of airflow. Points 1 through 3 represent locations on Earth’s surface.

28 Compared to the climate at location 1, the climate at location 3 is

(1) cooler and drier        (3) warmer and drier
(2) cooler and wetter     (4) warmer and wetter

29 Cloud formation at location 2 is the direct result of air that is rising,

(1) expanding, and cooling        (3) compressing, and cooling
(2) expanding, and warming     (4) compressing, and warming

30 The diagram below shows the latitude and longitude lines on Earth. Points A and B are locations on Earth’s surface.

If it is 4 a.m. at location A, what time is it at location B?

(1) 10 a.m.     (3) 6 a.m.
(2) 2 a.m.       (4) 8 a.m.

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