Earth Science - January 2010


1 The diagram below shows latitude measurements every 10 degrees and longitude measurements
every 15 degrees.

What is the latitude and longitude of point X?

(1) 40 S 45 E     (3) 60 S 30 W
(2) 50 N 45 W    (4) 75 N 30 E

2 In which sequence are the items listed from least total mass to greatest total mass?

(1) solar system, Milky Way, universe
(2) Milky Way, solar system, universe
(3) universe, Milky Way, solar system
(4) Milky Way, universe, solar system

3 The red shift of visible light waves that is observed by astronomers on Earth is used to
determine the

(1) sizes of nearby galaxies
(2) relative motions of distant galaxies
(3) densities of the planets
(4) rotation periods of the planets

4 At which New York State location would an observer measure the highest altitude of Polaris?

(1) New York City     (3) Niagara Falls
(2) Slide Mountain     (4) Plattsburgh

5 How many days are required for the Moon to go from one full-Moon phase to the next full-Moon
phase when viewed from Earth?

(1) 24        (3)29.5
(2) 27.3     (4) 365

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