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NYS Regents

NEW YORK STATE REGENTS EXAMS
US HISTORY & GOVERNMENT - JUNE 2004

PART 1

Directions (1-50): For each statement or question, write on the separate answer sheet the number of the word or expression that, of those given,  best completes the statement or  answers the question.

1 In writing the Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson was
influenced most by John Locke’s idea of

(1) due process of law
(2) natural rights
(3) the rights of the accused
(4) the right to privacy

2 During the Constitutional Convention of 1787, the plans for
Congress proposed by delegates from New Jersey and Virginia
differed mainly over the issue of

(1) life terms of office or short terms of office
(2) appointed legislators or elected legislators
(3) equal state representation or proportionate state representation
(4) power to check other branches or power limited to lawmaking

3 Which governmental action illustrates the system of checks and balances?

(1) a senator helping a governor solve a state problem
(2) the president negotiating a trade agreement with foreign diplomats
(3) the Senate ratifying a peace treaty
(4) Congress raising taxes to pay for federal programs

4 A major criticism of the electoral college system has been that

(1) party loyalty is weakened after a presidential election
(2) electors frequently fail to vote for a candidate
(3) members of the electoral college are appointed for life terms
(4) a president may be elected without receiving the majority of the popular vote

5 Which feature must a nation have to be considered a democracy?

(1) a strong president
(2) citizen participation in government
(3) elected judges to conduct trials
(4) a set of laws

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