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NYS Regent

NEW YORK STATE REGENTS EXAMS
US HISTORY & GOVERNMENT - JUNE 2003

11 • Alien and Sedition Acts
•Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions

These pieces of legislation reflected the conflict between

(1) Congress and the president
(2) states’ rights and federal supremacy
(3) the military and the civilian government
(4) the United States Supreme Court and state courts

12 As a strict constructionist, President Thomas Jefferson questioned the constitutional right to

(1) receive diplomats from foreign nations
(2) purchase the Louisiana Territory
(3) grant pardons to convicted criminals
(4) veto legislation passed by Congress

13 How did Supreme Court decisions under Chief Justice John Marshall affect government in the United States?

(1) Federal power increased at the expense of the states.
(2) Strict limits were placed on congressional use of the elastic clause.
(3) The impeachment of federal judges was declared unconstitutional.
(4) State powers under the 10th Amendment were expanded.

14 During the first half of the 19th century, territorial expansion led to

(1) increased tensions over slavery
(2) improved relations with bordering nations
(3) fewer conflicts with Native American Indians
(4) decreased domestic demand for manufactured goods

15 Following the Civil War, many Southern states enacted Black Codes to

(1) provide free farmland for African Americans
(2) guarantee equal civil rights for African Americans
(3) restrict the rights of formerly enslaved persons
(4) support the creation of the Freedmen’s Bureau

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