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NYS Regents

 NEW YORK STATE REGENTS EXAMS
US HISTORY & GOVERNMENT - JUNE 2002

PART 1

Directions (1-50): For each statement or question, write on the separate answer sheet the number of the word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.

1 The British system of mercantilism was opposed by many American
colonists because it

(1) placed quotas on immigration
(2) discouraged the export of raw materials to England
(3) placed restrictions on trading
(4) encouraged colonial manufacturing

2 The Mayflower Compact, House of Burgesses, and Fundamental Orders of Connecticut are all examples of the efforts of colonial Americans to

(1) use democratic practices in government
(2) protest British land policies
(3) establish religious freedom
(4) overthrow British royal governors

3 The lack of a national executive and judiciary under the Articles of
Confederation suggests that the founders of the American republic

(1) risked tyranny for the sake of effective national government
(2) copied the British constitution
(3) prized national unity above the sovereignty of the states
(4) feared a strong central government

4 The Declaration of Independence and the Bill of Rights are similar in that both

(1) support a federal system of government
(2) maintain the importance of a strong chief executive
(3) provide for a system of checks and balances
(4) support limitations on governmental power
1 The British system of mercantilism was opposed

Base your answers to questions 5 and 6 on the statements below and on your knowledge of social studies.

Speaker A: A leader is not ultimately responsible to the people but to God, from whom the leader derives the right to govern.

Speaker B: Each citizen is entitled to a voice in government. Therefore, government should be run by those representatives elected directly by the citizens so that the will of the citizens is expressed.

Speaker C: History has taught us that the concentration of political power leads to the abuse of that power, Therefore, power should be divided among national, state, and local governments.

Speaker D: Life is a struggle. Those who seize and maintain political power represent the strongest and most competent of that society and earn the right to govern.

5 The principle of federalism contained in the Constitution of the United States is most consistent with the ideas of Speaker

(1) A       (3) C
(2) B      (4) D

 

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