11 The decision of the United States Supreme Court in Marbury v.
Madison (1803) established the power of the
(1) House of Representatives to impeach the president
(2) Congress to override a presidential veto
(3) president to veto congressional legislation
(4) Supreme Court to determine the constitutionality of laws
12 The Louisiana Purchase had great geographic significance for the
United States because it
(1) reduced British control of North America
(2) focused the United States on westward expansion
(3) extended United States control over Mexico
(4) decreased tensions with Native American Indians
13 Which statement best describes the economic differences between
the North and South just prior to the Civil War?
(1) The Northern economy was primarily agricultural, while the
Southern economy was based on manufacturing.
(2) Jobs on plantations attracted more European immigrants to the
South than to the North.
(3) Transportation systems were more developed in the North than
in the South.
(4) The Southern economy was more diversified than the Northern
14 Southern states attempted to limit the impact of constitutional
amendments passed during the Reconstruction Era by
(1) passing Jim Crow laws
(2) ending racial discrimination
(3) seceding from the Union
(4) fighting the Civil War
15 One way in which the Chinese Exclusion Act, the Gentlemen’s
Agreement, and the National Origins Act were similar is that all were
(4) Manifest Destiny
16 The Populist Party was important in United States history because it
(1) succeeded in electing two presidential candidates
(2) won control of many state governments
(3) proposed ideas that later became law
(4) achieved suffrage for African Americans
17 Both the Sherman Antitrust Act and the Clayton Antitrust Act were
passed in response to the problem of
(1) companies refusing to hire minority workers
(2) businesses choosing to hire illegal immigrants
(3) unsafe working conditions in factories
(4) business combinations limiting competition
18 In the late 1800s many business practices of the railroads led to
(1) an increase in the unemployment rate
(2) an increase in the demand for government regulation
(3) a decrease in the demand for raw materials
(4) a decrease in the variety of products available for consumers
19 Industrialists of the late 1800s contributed most to economic growth by
(1) supporting the efforts of labor unions
(2) establishing large corporations
(3) encouraging government ownership of banks
(4) opposing protective tariffs
20 What was the experience of most of the “new immigrants” who arrived
in the United States from southern and eastern Europe in the late 1800's
and early 1900's?
(1) They lived in urban areas and most held lowpaying jobs.
(2) They obtained free land in the West and became farmers.
(3) They became discouraged with America and returned to their
(4) They were easily assimilated into mainstream American culture.