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NYS Regents

 NEW YORK STATE REGENTS EXAMS
US HISTORY & GOVERNMENT - JUNE 2001

PART 1

Directions (1-50): For each statement or question, write on the separate answer sheet the number of the word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.

1 According to the Declaration of Independence, governments are established to

(1) protect the nation from invasion
(2) provide a system of checks and balances
(3) protect the natural rights of citizens
(4) guarantee voting rights for all citizens

2 One similarity between the Articles of Confederation and the United States Constitution is that both documents provide for

(1) a national legislature to make laws
(2) federal control of commerce between the states
(3) federal power to impose and collect taxes
(4) the abolition of slavery

3 The amendment process was included in the United States Constitution in
order to

(1) remove government officials from political office
(2) check the power of the Supreme Court
(3) allow government to meet the changing needs of society
(4) preserve the federal system of government

4 Which concept from the European Enlightenment was included in the United States Constitution?

(1) absolutism
(2) despotism
(3) limited monarchy
(4) consent of the governed

5 Delegates to the Constitutional Convention of I787 adopted the Great
Compromise to settle differences over

(1) slavery
(2) representation in Congress
(3) interstate trade
(4) taxation

6 A system of checks and balances was included in the United States
Constitution because the authors were concerned about

(1) one branch of government becoming too strong
(2) the states having too much power
(3) the people having a voice in government
(4) the military gaining control of the United States

7 The Bill of Rights was added to the United States Constitution to

(1) provide the president with the power to enforce the laws
(2) protect individuals’ civil liberties
(3) establish a presidential cabinet
(4) guarantee voting privileges to all citizens

8 The writers of the United States Constitution created a federal form of
government primarily to

(1) limit the powers of the Senate
(2) develop a criminal justice system
(3) provide for civilian control over the military
(4) divide power between levels of government

9 “Illegally obtained evidence cannot be used in a court of law.” This
statement is based on a person’s constitutional right to

(1) face an accuser in open court
(2) protection against double jeopardy
(3) a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury
(4) protection against unreasonable searches and seizures

10 Alexander Hamilton urged Congress to pass a protective tariff to encourage the growth of

(1) labor unions (2) manufacturing (3) agriculture  (4) slavery

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