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NYS Regents

NEW YORK STATE REGENTS EXAMS
US HISTORY & GOVERNMENT - JUNE 2000

Part  I (55 credits)

1 Which aspect of the American political system was most influenced by the
ideas of John Locke and Baron de Montesquieu?


1 executive control of foreign policy
2 limitations on the power of government
3 government regulation of the economy
4 creation of the electoral college

2 Which principle of government is proposed in the Declaration of Independence?

1 Political power originates with a strong central government.
2 The primary function of government is to protect natural rights.
3 A system of checks and balances is the most effective way to
prevent governmental abuse of power.
4 Individual liberties must be guaranteed by a strong bill of rights.

3 "We, the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union,
establish justice, . . . and secure the blessings of liberty . . . do ordain and establish
this Constitution for the United States of America."
 - Preamble to the United States Constitution

This quotation from the Preamble illustrates the constitutional principle
that people

1 have a right to a trial by jury
2 are guaranteed an adequate standard of living
3 are the true source of political power
4 have the right to assemble

4 During the ratification debates of 1788 to 1791,the activities of the
Anti-federalists led to the

1 drafting of the Declaration of Independence
2 strengthening of the Articles of Confederation
3 adoption of the Northwest Ordinance
4 addition of the Bill of Rights to the Constitution

5 The framers of the United States Constitution showed the strongest
commitment to democratic principles in their decisions regarding the

1 method for choosing members of the Cabinet
2 election of members of the House of Representatives
3 election of Senators
4 selection of Supreme Court justices

6 What was a major impact of many of the Supreme Court decisions under Chief justice John Marshall?

1 strengthening of the powers of the Federal Government
2 restrictions on big business
3 reduction of racial discrimination
4 expansion of the rights of the accused

7 "The Constitution is as the Supreme Court interprets it."
 - President Dwight D. Eisenhower

Which constitutional principle does this quotation best describe?

1 judicial review          3 federalism
2 reserved powers       4 concurrent powers

8 What is a primary role of lobbyists in the political process?

1 to draft bills for legislators
2 to present the views of special interest groups on proposed legislation
3 to locate citizens willing to run for public office 
4 to provide legislators with unbiased information on important issues

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