NYS Regents


11 The Homestead Act of 1862 helped the development of the West by

(1) providing free land to settlers
(2) granting land for construction of transcontinental railroads
(3) allowing slavery to spread to the territories
(4) placing Native American Indians on reservations

12 Between 1880 and 1900, most immigrants coming to the United States settled in the cities along the east coast because

(1) many factory jobs were available in the East
(2) little farmland remained to be settled in the Midwest
(3) most immigrants came from the cities of Europe
(4) city laws afforded special rights and protections for immigrants

Base your answers to questions 13 and 14 on the speakers’ statements below and on your knowledge of social studies.

Speaker A: “When demand ran high, and markets were scarce, he showed little mercy, broke his contracts for delivery and raised prices.”

Speaker B: “The man of wealth must hold his fortune ‘in trust’ for the community and use it for philanthropic and charitable purposes.”

Speaker C: “It is cruel to slander the rich because they have been
successful. They have gone into great enterprises that have enriched
the nation and the nation has enriched them.”

Speaker D: “The fruits of the toil of millions are boldly stolen to build up colossal fortunes for the few, unprecedented in the history of mankind.”

13 Which two speakers would most likely label late 19th-century i
as robber barons?

(1) A and B
(2) A and D
(3) B and C
(4) C and D

14 The most valid conclusion that can be drawn from the different
viewpoints of these speakers is that industrialists of the late 19th century

(1) benefited and harmed society
(2) treated their workers fairly
(3) used illegal means to gain wealth
(4) generally opposed the free-enterprise economic system

15 In Plessy v. Ferguson (1896), the Supreme Court ruled that

(1) states may not secede from the Union
(2) racial segregation was constitutional
(3) slaves are property and may not be taken from their owners
(4) all western territories should be open to slavery


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