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 NEW YORK STATE REGENTS EXAMS
US HISTORY & GOVERNMENT - JANUARY  2002

Base your answers to questions 5 and 6 on the statements below and on your knowledge of social studies.

Speaker A: We favor the Virginia Plan, in which representation is based on
population. States with more people should have more representation.

Speaker B: Slaves should be counted because they are an important part of our state populations, and Congress should not be able to stop us from importing slaves to work on our plantations.

Speaker C
: We delegates from the small states insist upon a legislature in which each state receives equal representation.

Speaker D: Congress should tax imports so that foreign goods will not be cheaper than our manufactured products.

5 Which document addressed the concerns of all of these speakers?

(1) Declaration of Independence
(2) Articles of Confederation
(3) United States Constitution
(4) Missouri Compromise

6 The conflict between the statements of Speakers A and C was resolved by

(1) creating a two-house legislature
(2) delegating most governing power to the states
(3) maintaining a balance in Congress between the slave states and the free states
(4) passing a group of constitutional amendments to protect individual rights

7 Which action illustrates the president’s power as commander in chief ?

(1) ordering American troops into a foreign country
(2) appointing the secretary of state
(3) entertaining a foreign leader at the White House
(4) delivering the State of the Union address

8 “. . . no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, . . . and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.”

This section of the 4th Amendment to the United States Constitution addresses the issue of

(1) states’ rights
(2) separation of powers
(3) implied powers
(4) limits on governmental power

9 A major objection to many lobbying groups is that they

(1) are illegal under the federal Constitution
(2) have too much influence on government
(3) are free from all government regulations
(4) have been controlled by the media

10 Which geographic advantage did the United States gain by purchasing the
Louisiana Territory from France in 1803?

(1) warm-water ports on the Atlantic coast
(2) rich fishing areas in the Great Lakes
(3) full control of the Mississippi River
(4) vast coal reserves in the region west of Pennsylvania

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