NYS Regents



Answer all 48 questions in this part.

Directions (1-48): For each statement or question, write on the separate answer
sheet the number of the word or expression that, of those given, best completes
the statement or answers the question.

1 The Declaration of Independence contributed to the development of
democracy by

1 guaranteeing trial by jury to all men
2 allowing women to take part in government
3 indicating that people are the source of power 
4 providing for Presidential elections every four years

2 The Great Compromise at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 
contained a provision for

1 the direct election of Senators
2 judicial review
3 regulation of commerce
4 a bicameral legislature

3 ". . . an equality [of votes in the Senate] will enable the minority to control ...
the majority."

- James Wilson Pennsylvania delegate, Constitutional Convention of 1787

Which conclusion can be drawn from this statement?

1 Delegates from the smaller states should have opposed the 
ratification of the Constitution.
2 Some delegates believed that equal representation in the Senate 
would give smaller states too much influence.
3 Some delegates believed the term of office for Senators would 
be too long.
4 Delegates from the smaller states favored a legislature in which
representation was based on population.

4 Separation of powers and federalism are constitutional principles that

1 establish limits on the powers of government
2 ensure legislative and executive equality
3 increase the power of the national government and decrease the 
power of the states
4 settle conflicts between state and national authorities

5 The ratification of the Bill of Rights in 1791 illustrated a commitment 

1 limiting the power of state governments
2 expanding the power of Congress
3 protecting individual liberties
4 safeguarding citizens against excessive taxation

6 Which aspect of the Presidency is part of the unwritten constitution?

1 consultation with members of the Cabinet
2 election under the electoral college system
3 role as Commander in Chief
4 duty to inform Congress about the state of the Union

7 The creation of the first political parties in the United States resulted 
from a controversy over

1 declaring independence from Great Britain
2 recognizing women's equality
3 expanding slavery into the newly acquired territories
4 interpreting the Constitution

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