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NYS Regents

 NEW YORK STATE REGENTS EXAMS
US HISTORY & GOVERNMENT - AUGUST 2000

14 In the late 1800's, the policy of the Federal Government toward Native
American Indians, as exemplified by the Dawes Act, was to

1 grant immediate and full citizenship rights to Native American Indians
2 encourage assimilation of Native American Indians into the mainstream of American culture
3 move Native American Indians into the cities to supply labor for developing industries
4 restore lands to the Native American Indian tribes that had lost lands to white settlers

15 Between 1865 and 1920, railroad companies contributed to the economic development of the United States by

1 eliminating the need for water transportation
2 concentrating on military rather than civilian tasks
3 encouraging the formation of farm workers' unions
4 providing the most efficient means of transportation over long
distances

16 Which action was taken by President Theodore Roosevelt's administration?

1 forcing Southern States to eliminate Jim Crow laws
2 setting aside land for national forests and water projects
3 refusing to intervene in Latin American affairs
4 using Federal troops to break illegal strikes

17 "In short, our aim should be, not to destroy, but effectively ... to regulate and
control, in the public interest, the great instrumentalities [corporations] of modern business. . . ."
  -Theodore Roosevelt,1913

During the early 20th century, a supporter of this statement would most likely have favored

1 a hands-off policy toward big business
2 a return to an agrarian economy
3 laws prohibiting unfair business practices
4 tax incentives for business mergers and consolidations

18 The Chinese Exclusion Act (1882) and the Gentlemen's Agreement with Japan (1907) are examples of

1 international humanitarian programs
2 actions that reflected widespread nativist sentiment
3 successful negotiations to encourage trade
4 United States attempts to stay out of foreign wars

19 Reforms such as initiative, referendum, and recall were designed to

1 strengthen the power of the National Government
2 speed up the Presidential election process
3 involve voters more directly in the political process
4 improve economic opportunities for minority groups

20 Congress created the Federal Reserve System in 1913 mainly to

1 create national mints to coin money
2 make consumer loans
3 regulate increases and decreases in Federal income taxes
4 control the amount of money in circulation

21 During the Progressive Era, an amendment to the United States Constitution provided for greater representative democracy by changing the method of  selecting the

1 members of the United States Senate
2 electoral college
3 President's Cabinet
4 judges for Federal Courts

22 The Espionage Act (1917) and the Sedition Act (1918) were used by President Woodrow Wilson's administration during World War I to

1 discourage congressional support for the war effort
2 place German Americans in internment camps
3 remove Communists from government positions
4 silence critics of the war effort

23 The League of Nations, the Washington Naval Conference, and the
Kellogg-Briand Pact were designed to keep peace in the Northern Hemisphere. Why did these agreements fail to prevent World War II?

1 Independence movements in developing countries were too strong to be stopped.
2 The United States was not a participant in any of the agreements.
3 The agreements lacked enforcement powers.
4 The United States was too involved in military rearmament.

24 Which event of the 1920's was most inconsistent with the racial and ethnic intolerance of the decade?

1 Red Scare
2 Harlem Renaissance
3 Sacco-Vanzetti trial
4 resurgence of the Ku Klux Klan

25 A study of the "flappers" of the 1920's would indicate that

1 some women rejected traditional feminine roles
2 many women were elected to national political office
3 women were fired from traditionally male occupations
4 the earning power of women was equal to that of men in
the same occupation

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