1. The United States Supreme Court under Chief Justice John Marshall established the precedent that the Court has the power to

1. guarantee civil rights.
2. declare a law of Congress unconstitutional.
3. reduce the delegated powers of Congress.
4. apply the principle of executive privilege.

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2. The Supreme Court under Chief Justice Earl Warren had a major impact on the United States in that this Court

1. became involved in foreign affairs by reviewing the constitutionality of treaties.
2. weakened the judiciary by refusing to deal with controversial issues.
3. supported the idea that states could nullify acts of Congress.
4. followed a policy of judicial activism, leading to broad changes in American society.

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3. Under Chief Justice Earl Warren, the Supreme Court was considered ''activist'' because of its

1. reluctance to overturn state laws.
2. insistence on restricting freedom of speech to spoken words.
3. expansion of individual rights in criminal cases.
4. refusal to reconsider the issues of the Plessy v. Ferguson case.

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Base your answers to questions 4 and 5 on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies.
 

4 To try to correct the problem shown in the cartoon, President Franklin D. Roosevelt proposed

(1) increasing the number of justices on the Supreme Court
(2) raising the salaries of federal judges
(3) reducing the Supreme Courtís use of judicial review
(4) exercising his veto power over Supreme Court decisions

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5 President Rooseveltís attempt to correct the problem shown in the cartoon resulted in

(1) the quick end of New Deal reforms
(2) resignations of several federal judges
(3) congressional rejection of the presidentís proposal
(4) a decrease in the authority of the Supreme court

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