1. Judicial review gives the U.S. Supreme Court the power to

1. grant pardons to prisoners held in federal penitentiaries.
2. examine the qualifications of judges appointed to lower courts.
3. decide on the constitutionality of laws.
4. impeach the president.

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2. The significance of the Supreme Court case of Marbury v. Madison is that

1.a federal law was declared unconstitutional.
2. the principle of states' rights was greatly strengthened.
3. the separate but equal principle was established.
4. the constitutionality of a national bank was upheld.

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3. The U. S. Supreme Court has ruled that accused persons who cannot afford a lawyer must

1. be provided with lawyer at government expense.
2. plead guilty to the offense.
3. act as their own defense.
4. not stand trial until someone can be found to pay a lawyer.

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4. Most of the authority of the U.S. Supreme Court is based on its power to

1. propose legislation to Congress.
2. change the distribution of power as outlined in the Constitution.
3. amend the Constitution.
4. interpret the Constitution.

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5. Throughout United States history, the Supreme Court has developed several principles such as "clear and present danger" and "wall of separation between church and state." These principles show that

1 the states have been allowed to apply their individual interpretation to the Bill of Rights
2 judicial review has been used to clarify issues concerning civil liberties
3 the application of the Bill of Rights has been consistent since the 1790's
4 civil rights are clearly defined in the Constitution

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