1. Prior to 1880, the number of immigrants to the United States was not restricted mainly because

1. industry owners wanted cheap labor.
2. the nations of Europe discouraged emigration.
3. the United States birthrate was increasing.
4. Congress lacked the power to limit immigration.

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2. Which statement about immigration to the United States during the 19th century is most valid?

1. Organized labor supported unlimited immigration.
2. Most immigrants to the United States were illegal aliens.
3. Industrial growth led to a demand for cheap immigrant labor.
4. Few immigrants came from western Europe.

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3. A major feature of the immigration legislation of the 1920's is that this legislation

1. gave preference to immigrants from northern and western Europe.
2. encouraged Asians to migrate to the United States.
3. provided equal quotas for all nations.
4. restricted immigration from countries that were enemies of the
United States in World War I.

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4. During the early 1800's, the United States placed few restrictions on immigration because

(1) the Constitution did not allow restrictions
(2) labor unions welcomed the new workers
(3) southern landowners needed additional workers
(4) the industrial economy was creating new jobs

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5. Between 1890 and 1915, the majority of immigrants to the United States were labeled “new immigrants” because they were

(1) considered physically and mentally superior to earlier immigrants
(2) forced to settle in the cities of the Midwest
(3) from China, Japan, and other Asian countries
(4) culturally different from most earlier immigrants

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