1. The Monroe Doctrine declared that the United States would

1 prevent the establishment of new European colonies anywhere in
the world.
2. help colonies in North and South America adopt a democratic
form of government.
3. view European interference in the Americas as a threat to the
national interest of the United States.
4. prevent other nations from trading with South American nations.

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2. In the late 1800's and early 1900's, U.S. involvement in Latin America was motivated primarily by the desire to

1. prevent the spread of dictatorships.
2. gain more land for the growing U.S. population.
3. protect U.S. investments and trade.
4. form an alliance of nations in the Western Hemisphere.

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3. Which statement best summarizes U.S. policies toward Latin America during the late 1800's and early 1900's?

1. Latin American nations were never occupied by the United States.
2. Emigration from Latin American nations was encouraged.
3. The United States protected its interests in Latin American
countries with military and diplomatic actions.
4. The United States discouraged American investment in Latin

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4. "Dollar diplomacy" indicated a U.S. desire to

1. institute the dollar as an international currency.
2. give foreign aid to less developed countries.
3. protect the property of U.S. businesses located in foreign countries.
4. favor the nations of western Europe.

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5. The Platt Amendment and "dollar diplomacy" are examples of U.S. interest in

1. Europe and the Atlantic.
2. Asia and the Pacific.
3. South America and the Caribbean.
4. the Middle East and Africa.

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