1. Soon after the Constitution of the United States was ratified, the first ten amendments were added because many citizens felt the need for

(1) strengthening the power of the federal courts
(2) ensuring the division of powers between the state and federal governments
(3) establishing a national bank
(4) protecting their liberties from abuses by the federal government

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2 The amendment process was included in the United States Constitution in order to

(1) remove government officials from political office
(2) check the power of the Supreme Court
(3) allow government to meet the changing needs of society
(4) preserve the federal system of government

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3 Which concept from the European Enlightenment was included in the United States Constitution?

(1) absolutism
(2) despotism
(3) limited monarchy
(4) consent of the governed

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4. The writers of the United States Constitution created a federal form of government primarily to

(1) limit the powers of the Senate
(2) develop a criminal justice system
(3) provide for civilian control over the military
(4) divide power between levels of government

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Separation of powers and federalism are constitutional principles that

1 establish limits on the powers of government
2 ensure legislative and executive equality
3 increase the power of the national government and decrease the power of the states
4 settle conflicts between state and national authorities

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