1. Which was the basic reason that the Bill of Rights was added to the original U.S. Constitution?

1. Local governments demanded a listing of their powers.
2. There was a need for a strong central authority.
3. Individuals need protection from possible abuses of government powers.
4. The powers of Congress were not sufficiently defined in the original
constitution.

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2. In order to enforce rights for minorities, the Constitution added the
Twenty-fourth Amendment, which outlawed

1. segregation in schools.
2. the poll tax.
3. discrimination on the basis of race or color.
4. slavery.

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3. The section of the Constitution that defines an accused person's rights is

1. the Preamble.
2. the first three articles.
3. the first ten amendments.
4. the supremacy clause.

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4. 'The most stringent protection of free speech would not protect a man in falsely shouting fire in a theater and causing a panic."
óJustice Oliver Wendell Holmes

Which interpretation of the Bill of Rights does this statement illustrate?

1. The needs of the government are more important than civil liberties.
2. Constitutional protections of liberty are not absolute.
3. The Supreme Court can eliminate freedoms listed in the Bill of
Rights.
4. The Bill of Rights does not safeguard individual liberties.

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5. In Schenck v. United States, the Supreme Court decided that a "clear and present danger" to the United States permitted

1. the expansion of Presidential power in time of peace.
2. the establishment of a peacetime draft.
3. restrictions of first amendment rights.
4. limitations on the voting rights of minorities.

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