1. A major impact of ancient Greece and Rome on Western civilization was that

1. the Greeks and Romans succeeded in achieving a classless society, which was later copied in western Europe.
2. Greek sculpture and Roman architecture were much admired and copied in the 18th and 19th centuries.
3. Greece and Rome transmitted Islamic philosophy to the areas they conquered.
4. Greek and Latin are still widely spoken in universities throughout the West.

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2. In Europe during the Middle Ages, increases in trade and commerce resulted in

1. lower living standards for industrial workers.
2. decreased economic rivalry between kings.
3. increased political power for the clergy.
4. development of towns and cities

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3. A major reason for the decline of the Roman Empire was

1. a series of military defeats in Africa.
2. political corruption and the instability of the government.
3. the abolition of slavery throughout the Empire.
4. continued acceptance of traditional religions.

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4. A major result of the European Age of Exploration was

1. a long period of peace and prosperity for the nations of western Europe.
2. extensive migration of people from the Western Hemisphere to Europe and Asia.
3. the fall of European national monarchies and the end of the power of the Catholic Church.
4. the end of regional isolation and the beginning of a period of
European global domination.

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5. The Protestant Reformation and the European Renaissance were similar in  that both

1. discouraged the growth of strong monarchs.
2. encouraged people to question tradition.
3. were led by the military.
4. supported the return of the Roman Empire.

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