1. During the 16th century, the encomienda system of agriculture implemented by the Spanish in Latin America and the plantation system established by other European nations in Southeast Asia were similar in that both

1. redistributed the land to the peasants.
2. depended on a system of forced labor.
3. diminished the power of the military.
4. produced multi-crop economies

1         2         3         4        

2. In Latin America during the early period of Spanish colonialism, the deaths of large numbers of the native people led to

1. a decline in Spanish immigration to the Americas.
2. the removal of most Spanish troops from the Americas.
3. the importation of slaves from Africa.
4. improved health care in the colonies.

1         2         3         4        

3. Which statement best reflects the effect of mercantilism on the colonies in Latin America?

1. Markets in the colonies were closed to manufactured goods from the mother country.
2. Land was distributed equally between the social classes.
3. Industries in the colonies manufactured the majority of finished goods for the mother country.
4. The wealth of the colonial power increased at the expense of the colony.

1         2         3         4        

4. The Treaty of Tordesillas (1494), concerning Latin America, and the Berlin Conference (1884-1885), concerning Africa, were similar in that each agreement

1. provided for self-government by the native peoples.
2. declared that in these areas monarchs rule by divine right.
3.divided each area into European-controlled segments.
4. suppressed revolts by native peoples against European imperialists.

1         2         3         4        

5. During the colonial period in Latin America, as native Indian labor became scarce on plantations, the colonial powers

1. recruited skilled laborers from North America.
2. discouraged the use of child labor.
3. brought about land reform.
4. imported enslaved people from Africa.

1         2         3         4