1. A lasting impact of the pre-Columbian civilizations of Latin America was that these cultures

1. influenced art and architecture of later societies.
2. encouraged social mobility through education.
3. developed a complex system of trade with Europe.
4. developed the first representative democracies in Latin America

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2. A study of Mayas, Aztecs, and Incas would show that these ancient American civilizations

1. produced few cultural achievements.
2. lived at peace with their neighbors.
3. welcomed the new technology brought by European explorers.
4. rivaled the accomplishments of early Middle Eastern cultures.

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3. A study of the Maya, Aztec, and Inca civilizations of Latin America would show that these civilizations

1. developed advanced and complex societies before the arrival of the Europeans.
2. established extensive trade with Pacific Rim nations.
3. were strongly influenced by their contact with Asian and African civilizations.
4. were relatively large, but not well organized.

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4. In the 19th century, opposition to the encomienda system in Latin America demonstrated the need for

1 landholding reforms
2 trade restrictions
3 female suffrage
4 a minimum-wage law

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5. The dominance of the Spanish language in Latin America and the continued use of the French language in Senegal are examples of

1. cultural diffusion.
2. social mobility.
3. humanism.
4. Marxism.

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