1 Which geographic factor was most important to the development of the early river valley civilizations?

1 fertile soils
2 high mountains
3 vast deserts
4 smooth coastlines

1         2         3         4        

2 The Church of the Holy Sepulchre, the Dome of the Rock, and the Western (Wailing) Wall are religious sites in Jerusalem. These sites symbolize the

1 Roman domination of the Mediterranean region in the 1st century
2 cultural diversity of the Middle East
3 limited architectural skills of builders in the Middle East
4 geographic isolation of the city

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3 Which values are most closely associated with the fundamental 
principles of Buddhism?

1 competition and financial success
2 maintaining the caste system and providing education for all people
3 practicing nonviolence and giving up worldly desires
4 self-determination and democracy

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4 A major goal of the Christian Church during the Crusades (1096-1291) was to

1 establish Christianity in western Europe
2 capture the Holy Land from Islamic rulers
3 unite warring Arab peoples
4 strengthen English dominance in the Arab world

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5 An important contribution of the Byzantine Empire to Russia is the
establishment in Russia of

1 Orthodox Christianity
2 representative democracy
3 a free-market economy
4 a jury system

1         2         3         4