1 The Byzantine Empire made its most important contribution to later civilizations by

(1) recognizing the Pope as the head of the Byzantine Church
(2) preserving much of the Greco-Roman heritage
(3) establishing trade routes to the Americas
(4) encouraging the spread of Buddhism

1         2         3         4        

2 Which situation is considered a cause of the other three?

(1) development of a European middle class
(2) increase in European demand for Eastern goods
(3) European renewal of interest in learning
(4) European involvement in the Crusades

1         2         3         4        

Base your answer to question 3 on the map below and on your
knowledge of social studies.

3 Which conclusion can be drawn from the information provided by the map?

(1) Songhai was the only inhabited area of Africa.
(2) The Sahara Desert blocked Songhai’s trade with other parts of Africa.
(3) Songhai traded exclusively with central and eastern Africa.
(4) Rivers and overland trade routes helped Songhai become powerful.

1         2         3         4        

Base your answer to question 4 on the time line below and on your
knowledge of social studies.

4 The events illustrated in this time line show the effects of European

(1) isolationism           (3) socialism
(2) imperialism           (4) fundamentalism

 

1         2         3         4