1 The diagram below shows the latitude-longitude grid on an Earth model. Points A and B are locations on the surface.

On Earth, the solar time difference between point A and point B would be

(1) 1 hour            (3) 12 hours
(2) 5 hours           (4) 24 hours

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2 The diagram below represents part of Earth’s latitude-longitude system.

(1) 5o E 30o N    (3) 5o N 30o E
(2) 5o W 30o S   (4) 5o S 30o W

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3 The map below shows part of North America.

The arrows shown on the map most likely represent the direction of movement of

(1) Earth's rotation
(2) the prevailing northeast winds
(3) ocean conduction currents
(4) Atlantic Ocean hurricanes

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4 The diagram below represents the major stars of the constellation Orion, as viewed by an observer in New York State.

Which statement best explains why Orion can be observed from New York State on December 21 but not on June 21?

(1) Orion has an eccentric orbit around Earth.
(2) Orion has an eccentric orbit around the Sun.
(3) Earth revolves around the Sun.
(4) Earth rotates on its axis.

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