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NYS Regents

NEW YORK STATE REGENTS EXAMS
LIVING ENVIRONMENT - AUGUST 2001

15 The energy an organism requires to transport materials and eliminate
wastes is obtained directly from

(1) DNA         (3) hormones
(2) starch        (4) ATP

16 New inheritable characteristics would be least likely to result from

(1) mutations which occur in muscle cells and skin cells
(2) mutations which occur in male gametes
(3) mutations which occur in female gametes
(4) the sorting and recombination of existing genes during meiosis and fertilization

17 The diagram below shows the human female reproductive system.

The fetus normally develops within structure

(1) A      (3) C
(2) B      (4) D

18 One way to produce large numbers of genetically identical offspring is by

(1) cloning
(2) fertilization
(3) changing genes by agents such as radiation or chemicals
(4) inserting a DNA segment into a different DNA molecule

19 Most cells in the body of a fruit fly contain eight chromosomes. How
many of these chromosomes were contributed by each parent of the
fruit fly?

(1) 8       (3) 16
(2) 2       (4) 4

20 Which disease damages the human immune system, leaving the body
open to certain infectious agents?

(1) flu
(2) AIDS
(3) chicken pox
(4) pneumonia

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