NYS Regents



Answer all questions in this part.

Directions (1-50): For each statement or question, write on the separate answer
sheet the number of the word or expression that, of those given, best completes
the statement or answers the question.

Base your answer to question 1 on the map below and on your knowledge
of social studies.

1 What does this map show about the Nile River in ancient Egypt?

1 It was important for the transportation of soldiers and resources.
2 It was needed for trade between the Red Sea and the Western
3 It brought fresh water from the Mediterranean Sea to the Valley 
of the Kings.
4 It flowed through a populated region in Arabia.

2 The river valleys of the Tigris-Euphrates, Huang He (Yellow River),
and Indus were centers of early civilization because they

1 had rich deposits of iron ore and coal
2 were isolated from other cultural influences
3 contained rich soils from annual floods
4 were easy to defend from invasion

3 Which statement concerning now geography has influenced Africa 
is most accurate?

1 The lack of natural barriers has made it easy to conquer Africa.
2 The expanse of the Sahara Desert has encouraged trade to 
develop in this region.
3 The rainfall in the Sahel has provided Africa with most of 
its crops.
4 The topography of Africa has limited migration and economic

Base your answer to question 4 on the statements below and on our knowledge
of social studies.

Indian scholars contributed to mathematics by developing the
decimal system and the concept of zero.
Arab mathematicians transmitted the decimal system and the 
concept of zero to the Western world.

4 Based on these statements, which conclusion is valid?

1 Indians and Arabs developed the first civilizations.
2 Through contact, ideas were exchanged and then spread.
3 Trade is an inefficient way to spread ideas.
4 Western civilization had few ideas to share with Indians 
and Arabs.

5 "If a son has struck his father, they shall cut off his hand. If a nobleman has
destroyed the eye of a member of the aristocracy,  they shall destroy his eye....

The idea expressed in this quotation is found in the

1 Ten Commandments
2 Twelve Tables
3 Justinian Code
4 Code of Hammurabi

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