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NYS Regents

NEW YORK STATE REGENTS EXAMS
PHYSICAL SETTING / EARTH SCIENCE - JANUARY 2003

6 The diagram below shows the types of electromagnetic energy given off by the Sun. The shaded part of the diagram shows the approximate amount of each type actually reaching Earth’s surface.

Which conclusion is best supported by the diagram?

(1) All types of electromagnetic energy reach Earth’s surface.
(2) Gamma rays and x rays make up the greatest amount of electromagnetic energy reaching Earth’s surface.
(3) Visible light makes up the greatest amount of electromagnetic energy reaching Earth’s surface.
(4) Ultraviolet and infrared radiation make up the greatest amount of electromagnetic energy reaching Earth’s surface.

7 Land surfaces of Earth heat more rapidly than water surfaces because

(1) more energy from the Sun falls on land than on water
(2) land has a lower specific heat than water
(3) sunlight penetrates to greater depths in land than in water
(4) less of Earth’s surface is covered by land than by water

8 The geologic drill core below shows bedrock layers A, B, and C that
have not been overturned. The geological ages of layers A and C are
shown.

What is the geologic age of layer B?

(1) Cambrian        (3) Devonian
(2) Ordovician      (4) Permian

9 Most of Earth’s surface ocean current patterns are primarily caused by

(1) the force of gravity
(2) the impact of precipitation
(3) prevailing winds
(4) river currents

10 A student uses a sling psychrometer outdoors on a clear day. The
dry-bulb (air) temperature is 10°C. The water on the wet bulb will most
likely

(1) condense, causing the wet-bulb temperature to be higher than the air temperature
(2) condense, causing the wet-bulb temperature to be equal to the airtemperature
(3) evaporate, causing the wet-bulb temperature to be lower than the air temperature
(4) evaporate, causing the wet-bulb temperature to be equal to the  air temperature 

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